18 de marzo de 2017

Nueva publicación: Otra historia para otra psiquiatría

Autor: Rafael Huertas

Este libro recopila una serie de artículos cuyo denominador común es el intento de articular historia y clínica. No una historia positivista, descriptiva, acumulativa, complaciente con el pasado y acrítica con el presente, sino otra historia, analítica, hermenéutica y crítica, que interpele al pasado para pensar el presente y para actuar o propiciar actuaciones suficientemente fundamentadas. Otra historia que permita identificar, y diferenciar, una psiquiatría positivista, cuantitativa, simplificada, esencialista, organicista y, en buena medida, ateórica y ahistórica, y otra psiquiatría que, considerando fundamental un marco teórico psico[pato]lógico, entiende las llamadas enfermedades mentales como construcciones discursivas revisables y sujetas a cambios sociales y culturales. Una visión no positivista y no esencialista en la que el sujeto (mediatizado por el lenguaje) prima sobre la «enfermedad», en la que se presta la máxima atención a la subjetividad de la persona y en la que el pathos y el ethos se conjugan en el núcleo mismo del pensamiento psicopatológico.
En definitiva, otra historia comprometida con otra psiquiatría, la que considera necesario cambios epistemológicos profundos sobre la naturaleza del trastorno mental y sobre el papel del experto (psiquiatra, psicólogo, psicoanalista, etc.) y del propio paciente —cuyo empoderamiento debe ser una prioridad absoluta— en la gestión de la locura.



Índice

Prólogo: La otra historia de Rafael Huertas
(José María Álvarez y Fernando Colina)

0.- Presentación

I. De la filosofía de la locura a la higiene del alma

II. Nosografía y antinosografía: en torno a la psicosis única

III. Semiología: Subjetividad y clínica psiquiátrica

IV. El concepto de perversión sexual en la medicina positivista

V. Las obsesiones antes de Freud

VI. Locos, criminales y psiquiatras: la construcción de un modelo (médico) de delincuencia

VII. El poder psiquiátrico


VIII. Otra historia para otra psiquiatría


CfP: Innovation or Aberration? Science, Technology and Historical Meanings of Failure

The 2017 CSTHA biennial conference will be held November 3–5 at King’s University College in London, Ontario. The Program Committee invites papers addressing this year’s conference theme: “Innovation or Aberration? Science, Technology and Historical Meanings of Failure.”

Recognizing that 2017 is a year of celebrating Canada’s many achievements and innovations, we welcome papers dedicated to the messy historical processes that provide the back story to such successes — a context that is often filled with numerous missteps, wrong turns, and even failures that official narratives of innovation often do not completely convey. Our conference will be guided by several questions: Why do some technologies thrive while others fail? When can a technology be labeled a “success”? How do social and cultural factors influence scientific, medical, or technical inquiries? Topics may include, but are not limited to: technological failure or “failed” technologies; organizational culture; futuristic promises; scientific or medical hubris; structural disaster; consumer trends; and ethics.

We welcome proposals for both individual and thematic sessions, in English and/or French, on any topic related to the history of Canadian science, technology, and medicine in Canada. We particularly encourage papers addressing this year’s theme of “Innovation or Aberration?”

Individual proposals must include a title, an abstract of about 150 words, and as short resume for the presenter(s). Session proposals must include a title, a brief summary of the theme, titles and abstracts for each paper, and a short resume of each speaker. Innovative methods of presentation, such as those adopting a PechaKucha style, are encouraged. Posters can also be presented and will be available for the duration of the conference. Proposals from students will be particularly welcomed.

The deadline for submissions is 30 June 2017. King’s University College is a liberal arts university affiliated with Western University in London, Ontario. Located in southwestern Ontario, London boasts a charming downtown core, vibrant nightlife, scenic nature trails, and is home to many historical sites and museums.

Please see https://cstha-ahstc.ca/conference-colloque-2017/ for more information on submitting papers or registration. Presenters at this conference must be members of CSTHA. To become a member or to renew your membership, visit: https://cstha-ahstc.ca/membership-adhesion/.  If you have any questions, please email: cstha.ahstc.conf@gmail.com

Contact Info: 
Canadian Science and Technology HIstorical Association
Dorotea Gucciardo

2017 W. Bruce Fye Medical History Research Travel Grant


The W. Bruce Fye Center for the History of Medicine is pleased to announce its first annual W. Bruce Fye Medical History Research Travel Grant.  The grant is available to physicians, historians, medical students, graduate students, faculty members, and independent scholars who wish to use archival and library resources at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. The grant (up to $1,500 in one calendar year) may be used for transportation, lodging, food, and incidental expenses relating to the research project. It is available to residents of the United States and Canada who live more than 75 miles from Rochester.

The W. Bruce Fye Center for the History of Medicine houses archival collections that contain official records of the Clinic and its administrative offices, official and unofficial publications, departmental annual reports, committee minutes, photographic and moving images, sound recordings, personal papers, and memorabilia relating to the Mayo Clinic, its mission, programs, and people. To search our archival holdings, please visit our online catalog (MAX) http://www.mayo.edu/mayo-clinic-libraries/resources/special-collections.

The W. Bruce Fye History of Medicine Library is a specialized library housing important collections in the history of medicine and allied sciences. Several thousand volumes of rare medical classics (from 1479) and early journal literature (from 1665) comprise the core collection of primary literature on all aspects of medicine and allied fields.  More recently published histories, biographies, facsimiles, and other support materials comprise the remainder of the collection of some 23,000 total volumes.  Special strengths include anesthesiology, cardiology, dermatology, immunology, ophthalmology and neurology.  The library also has a large collection of Mayo physician bound reprints.

Applicants should send by e-mail as attachments the items listed below to Renee Ziemer:
•Abstract of your project (250 words) stating the general scope and purpose
•How historical resources at Mayo Clinic will further your research
•Abbreviated curriculum vitae (3 pages or less)
•One letter of reference that includes comments on your project

Timeline for 2017 grant:
Application deadline (all materials): April 28, 2017
Successful applicant(s) will be notified by May 31, 2017
Visit(s) to Rochester must be completed by December 15, 2017

CfP: Perspectives on Scientific Error

TiLPS, Tilburg University, NL
26-27 June 2017


Invited Speakers:
Edouard Machery, University of Pittsburgh
Barbara Osimani, LMU Munich
Wendy Parker, Durham University
Eric-Jan Wagenmakers, University of Amsterdam

This workshop brings together an interdisciplinary group of researchers interested in issues of scientific error. Participants share their views on how scientific errors can be detected and corrected, how they influence scientific communities, and the perception of science as a whole.

The topics of the workshop include, but are not limited to:
o replicability of research findings
o statistical and social reforms to address error (e.g., Bayesian vs frequentist statistics, publication practices, incentive structures)
o evidence aggregation, meta-analysis, and evidence hierarchies
o error propagation and error correction
o values in science, and their impact on scientific error
o trust in science, science denial, etc.

Submissions on any of these topics are welcome, either as contributed talks or as posters. More information can be found on the workshop website.

The workshop is sponsored by ERC Starting Investigator Grant No. 640638, “Making Scientific Inferences More Objective”: https://msio.wordpress.com.

Dates and Deadlines:
20 April: Submission Deadline
30 April: Notification of Acceptance
26-27 June: Workshop

Organizers:
Noah van Dongen (Tilburg University, NL)
Felipe Romero(Tilburg University, NL)

Jan Sprenger (Tilburg University, NL)

PhD Project on SCAR archive

The Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) is the international organization tasked with coordinating research in Antarctica and as part of its 60yr Anniversary celebration, has decided to open its archives for a comprehensive study. This is SCAR’s veritable legacy of sixty years of research coordination at the bottom of the world. We are looking for an enthusiastic and bright scholar to examine the archival documents in order to better understand SCAR’s role in the shaping of Antarctic science and geopolitics as well as to use the historical evidence to cast new light on Antarctica’s present and future. The SCAR archive consists of official documents and correspondence from 1958 to the early 2000s stored in approximately thirty boxes at the Scott Polar Research Institute (SPRI, Cambridge, UK). The materials document meetings; projects in glaciology, oceanography, solid earth science, and environmental conservation; negotiations and related agreements in the context of the Antarctic Treaty System. 

The researcher will be working under the supervision of Simone Turchetti as first academic supervisor and in coordination with Kieron Flanagan, the second supervisor. He/She will also report regularly on the project’s progress to Jenny Baeseman, the SCAR Executive Director. 

The researcher will be employed at the Centre for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine (CHSTM), University of Manchester, where she/he will receive further training on research methods as well as working space. The PhD student will travel regularly to Cambridge to visit the SCAR archive. SCAR will contribute the office space and incidentals needed by the student to complete the project, as well as some travel costs. SCAR will also provide in-kind assistance to the student while in Cambridge. The investigator may also have the opportunity to attend one of the Antarctic Treaty Meetings to familiarize with the system of scientific governance existing in Antarctica. 

The student will familiarize with advanced techniques to carry out archival research including ethical and legal aspects (confidentiality, ethical issues). In defining the historical study, the appointed PhD student will also extensively benefit significantly from the diversity of research interests existing in the supervisory team. She/He will thus draw on other disciplines, including environmental and science studies, international relation studies, and law studies. SCAR’s role will also expose the scholar to a number of other studies in scientific disciplines such as glaciology, oceanography and conservation studies. 

Candidates must hold a minimum upper second class honours degree (or equivalent) in areas such as: history of science/technology, general history, historical geography, science and technology studies, environmental history or environmental studies or another subject closely relevant to the themes of the project. Candidates with a Masters in a relevant subject area would have distinct advantage. In some cases we may be able to consider relevant professional experience in place of a Master’s qualification: please contact the academic supervisor for guidance before applying. All applicants should also have at least an Upper Second-class undergraduate degree (or non-UK equivalent: see http://www.gov.uk/government/publications/overseas-degree-equivalency-table-and-methodology). 

John Scholes Prize, History of Transport & Mobility

ohn Scholes Prize Competition for 2017 is open, with a deadline for submissions of 31 July 2017.
The prize, which carries a cash recognition (275 Euros), is awarded annually to the writer of a publishable paper based on original research into any aspect of the history of transport and mobility. The prize is intended to recognise budding transport historians. It may be awarded to the writer of one outstanding article, or be divided between two or more entrants. Typically, the prize is awarded for research completed as part of a PhD.

Publication in the Journal of Transport History will be at the discretion of the Editor and subject to the normal refereeing process.

The prize is funded by the Transport History Research Trust in memory of John Scholes. John was the first Curator of Historical Relics at the British Transport Commission. The prize is administered by the International Association for the History of Transport, Traffic and Mobility (T2M – www.t2m.org).
Entry is limited to researchers who, at the time of submission, are not yet in or have just commenced a permanent / tenured academic (or equivalent) position, and who are just starting to publish research.

Essays (in English, double-spaced) should not exceed 8,000 words (including footnotes). Sources must be documented fully. Entries must be submitted electronically, to arrive no later than Monday 31 July 2017.

They must not bear any reference to the author or institutional affiliation. Senior scholars will judge entries against criteria of originality, thoroughness and excellence of argument, source use, composition and illustration. The process is ‘double-blind’. The judges will not enter into correspondence.

A cover letter and a one-page CV must demonstrate eligibility for the prize.


Entries for the prize should be sent to the JTH Editor at jth.editor@gmail.com. The subject line of the message must read ‘John Scholes Prize entry 2017’.

CfP (Workshop and Conference): Creating Historical Knowledge Socially

Second Annual GHI Conference on Digital Humanities and Digital History
Creating Historical Knowledge Socially
New Approaches, Opportunities and Epistemological Implications of Undertaking Research with Citizen Scholars
October 26-28, 2017, Washington DC
International Workshop and Conference at the German Historical Institute Washington
In collaboration with the Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities and the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media
Conveners: Sheila Brennan (GMU), Matthew Hiebert (GHI), Simone Lässig (GHI), and Trevor Muñoz (MITH)
Keywords: community sourcing; crowd sourcing; methods of citizen science in digital history; data quality in the humanities; creating digital corpora; Quellenkritik in the digital age; social knowledge creation.
This event seeks to assess through international dialogue the state-of-the-art in the use of community-sourcing, crowdsourcing, citizen science and other public-based collaborative approaches to create historical knowledge. The development of dynamic internet-based technologies has allowed researchers not only to share their work with broader audiences, but to involve publics in the processes of knowledge creation. This event is intended as an opportunity to reflect upon the impact of collective knowledge creation on conceptions of history, historical methodology, and Quellenkritik and to think about how citizen science might change the discipline of history and the knowledge it produces.
The rise of social media and technologies facilitating collaborative content creation have transformed a digital realm once defined by static read-only websites. Building on diverse social and cultural initiatives to harness the potential of activities such as tagging, commenting, rating, and correcting, researchers in the digital humanities are now developing approaches to include members of the public in complex scholarly tasks such as manuscript transcription and annotation. Recent initiatives have looked to social approaches to involve the public in the design of research agendas and projects. Historians turning to digital tools to approach topics at transnational or global scales may need to design their projects or build data sets in ways that necessitate the contributions of citizen scholars yet may not know how to best go about involving them. 
This event will focus on the methodological and theoretical implications of citizen science for historical scholarship, and it will also explore how approaches, systems, and standards to include citizen scholars in research can be designed and implemented to ensure quality of data, accuracy of results, and inclusivity of perspective.

16 de marzo de 2017

CfP: Causa sive ratio: causality and reason in modernity between metaphysics, epistemology and science, Milan, November 2017

Causa sive ratio: causality and reason in modernity between metaphysics, epistemology and science
Date and Location: 14-16 November 2017, Università degli Studi di Milano
Description:
The very advent of modernity in philosophy could be interpreted through the lens of the fundamental redefinition of causality in the ontological, epistemological and logical separation of cause from reason. From the rejection of formal and final causes in the generation of Descartes and Gassendi, the debates on these questions in the period of Hobbes, Spinoza and Leibniz, to the phenomenalization of causation in Hume and its subsequent idealization in Kant's Critique of Pure Reason, we can see the definitive conceptual separation between logical implication, epistemic explanation and physical causation. It is this historical conceptual transformation and its present consequences that is the object of this conference. 
What does this separation between cause and reason mean for the role of rationality, the property of intelligibility and the ontology of grounding in the development of metaphysics and the foundations of science in the 17th and 18th century? How do the emergent concepts of the general laws of nature and universally conserved physical magnitudes harmonize the rationality of nature and the uniqueness of causes in a new cosmology? What becomes the status of the self-caused? How does the early modern rejection of formal and final causes return, in other guises, and transform the semantic content of physical theories? How does the identity or distinction of reason and cause continue to inform contemporary philosophy? 
The aim of this conference is to explore the distinction (and relation) of cause and reason from a historical examination of early modern philosophy and science while engaging with the contemporary debates surrounding grounding, causation and scientific explanation. Aside from paper presentations by invited and selected speakers, short reading groups of primary source texts (relevant to the presentations) will be led by conference organizers and invited speakers. 
Confirmed Invited speakers: Mcdonough, Jeffrey (Harvard U.), Brading, Katherine (Duke U.), Breitenbach, Angela (Cambridge U.), Ott, Walter (U. of Virginia), Lyssy Ansgar (LMU München), Kochiras, Hylarie (IAS Bologna), Sangiacomo, Andrea (U. Groningen), and others.
Organizers: Tzuchien Tho, Stefano Di Bella
We invite papers addressing these problems of reason and cause based on historical studies and contemporary problems. We are particularly interested in papers that are able to connect 17th and 18th century thinkers with contemporary issues in metaphysics and philosophy of science. However, papers focusing on these issues contextually based in the 17th and 18th century are also enthusiastically welcomed.
Presentations are planned to be 45 minutes, leaving 15-20 minutes for discussion.
Please submit an abstract of 500 words, including the title of the presentation, to https://easychair.org/conferences/?conf=causa00The abstract should be prepared for blind review. We welcome Ph.D. students and postdoctoral scholars as well as more established colleagues.
The papers of the conference will be selectively edited for a volume on the theme. Deadline: 15 June 2017 (Decisions by 30 June 2017)

Medical History - April 2017 Issue Out Now

The new issue of Medical History (Volume 61 - Issue 2 - April 2017) is out now. The issue features the following articles:

‘‘They Shall See His Face’: Blindness in British India, 1850–1950’ (Aparna Nair)

‘Interweaving Ideas and Patchwork Programmes: Nutrition Projects in Colonial Fiji, 1945–60’ (Sarah Clare Hartley)

‘Lunatic Asylum in the Workhouse: St Peter’s Hospital, Bristol, 1698–1861’ (Leonard Smith)

‘Surviving the Lunacy Act of 1890: English Psychiatrists and Professional Development during the Early Twentieth Century’ (Akinobu Takabayashi)

‘Between Securitisation and Neglect: Managing Ebola at the Borders of Global Health’ (Mark Honigsbaum)

‘Cutting the Flesh: Surgery, Autopsy and Cannibalism in the Belgian Congo’ (Sokhieng Au)


Further information is available via Medical History's website: https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/medical-history/latest-issue

Visiting Fellowship at Leeds (non-stipendiary)


The School of Philosophy, Religion, and History of Science at the University of Leeds invites applications to its Non-Stipendiary Visiting Fellowships scheme for the academic year 2017-18.

Visiting fellows will be provided with full library and information systems access, and office space where possible. There are no formal duties. Fellows will be expected to pursue their research and participate in seminars, reading groups, and other aspects of the research life of one or more of the research centres affiliated with the school: Centre for History and Philosophy of Science, Centre for Metaphysics and Mind, Centre for Ethics and Metaethics, Centre for Aesthetics, Centre for Philosophy of Religion, and Centre for Religion and Public Life.

Fellowship periods can be from a couple of months to one year. The fellowships are non-stipendiary. Junior and senior applicants are equally welcome, though applicants must hold a PhD. Proposed research projects should clearly mesh with the research interests of members of one or more of the above research centres. The fellows will be helped to identify potential sources of funding for workshops or other events they might want to organize during their fellowship at Leeds.

To apply, please send (or arrange to have sent):

– a CV;
– a letter indicating (a) the research project you would pursue during the fellowship period, and (b) your preferred start and end dates; and
– a letter of reference

to the school’s Research Support Officer, Isobel Lister (I.Lister@leeds.ac.uk).

Applications will be evaluated on a rolling basis, with an initial review of applications in early April 2017. To guarantee consideration in that review, applications should be received by Monday, 3 April.

For more information on the School of Philosophy, Religion, and History of Science and the affiliated research centres at University of Leeds, please visit http://www.leeds.ac.uk/arts/info/125029/research. More information on the activities of a particular centre is available also by contacting its director. For more on the Visiting Fellowships programme, please contact the school's Director of Research, Prof Pekka Väyrynen (p.vayrynen@leeds.ac.uk).