23 de septiembre de 2016

Dynamis. Volumen 36(2). 2016


Dynamis

Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientiarumque Historiam Illustrandam

Volumen 36(2)  2016

EDITORIAL

Dynamis y los nuevos retos en la edición de revistas científicas

DOSSIER
THE PASTEUR INSTITUTES OF THE MAGHREB DURING THE COLONIAL PERIOD
Guest Editor: Francisco Javier Martínez

Translating Pasteur to the Maghreb
Francisco Javier Martínez

Le laboratoire et le bled. L’Institut Pasteur d’Alger et les médecins de colonisation dans la lutte contre le paludisme (1904-1939)
Claire Fredj

Double trouble: French colonialism in Morocco and the early history of the Pasteur Institutes of Tangier and Casablanca (1895-1932)
Francisco Javier Martínez

Les  Instituts  Pasteur  du  Maghreb: mémoires  divisées, histoire transversale
Anne-Marie Moulin

ARTÍCULOS

El arte al servicio de la ciencia: antecedentes artísticos para la impresión total del paisaje en Alexander von Humboldt
Elisa Garrido Moreno, Sandra Rebok y Miguel Ángel Puig-Samper

Antoni de Martí i Franquès, ¿un genio aislado? La llegada del lamarckismo a Barcelona en la primera mitad del siglo XIX

Expertos, química y medicina: Antonio Casares (1812-1888), José Salgado (1811-1890) y la controversia en torno al análisis de las aguas del balneario de Carratraca
Ignacio Suay-Matallana

La identidad profesional del practicante: el caso de Aragón, 1857-1936
Isabel Blázquez Ornat

Rafael Vilar Fiol (1885-1971) y el intento de fundación de una escuela de odontología en Valencia antes de la Guerra Civil
Xavier García Ferrandis y Àlvar Martínez Vidal

Perícias, acidentes e hérnias no contexto do direito à saúde, Colômbia 1915-1946
Óscar Gallo

RESEÑAS

Isabelle Boehm, Nathalie Rousseau, dirs. L’expressivité du lexique médical en Grèce et à Rome. Hommages à Françoise Skoda
Berta Gutiérrez Rodilla

Arnau de Vilanova. Arnaldi de Villanova Opera Medica Omnia, XIV: Expositio super aphorismo Hippocratis «In morbis minus» - Repetitio super aphorismo Hippocratis «Vita brevis», edición de Michael R. McVaugh y estudio introductorio de Michael R. McVaugh y Fernando Salmón
Sebastià Giralt

Éxtasis y visiones: la experiencia contemplativa de Teresa de Ávila
María Laura Giordano

Gerardo Martínez Hernández. La medicina en la Nueva España, siglos XVI
y XVII. Consolidación de los modelos institucionales y académicos
María Luz López Terrada

Víctor Navarro Brotons. Disciplinas, saberes y prácticas. Filosofía natural, matemáticas y astronomía en la sociedad española de la época moderna
Antonio Sánchez

Josep Lluis Barona-Vilar, Ximo Guillem-Llobat, eds. Sanidad Internacional y transferencia de conocimiento científico. Europa, 1900-1975
Rosa Ballester Añón

Marius Turda, Aaron Gillette. Latin Eugenics in Comparative Perspective
Gustavo Vallejo

Two full professorships at the LCSS of the U of Hannover


I would like to draw your attention to two jobs advertized by the Leibniz Center for Science and Society (LCSS, www.lcss.uni-hannover.de) at Leibniz University of Hannover, Germany. 
One is a Full Professorship in Science and Society, the other a Full Professorship in Methodology of Higher Education Research and Science Studies. The closing date for applications is November 3rd.


Call for papers: 'Pharmaceutical innovation after World War II: from rational drug discovery to biopharmaceuticals'

Pharmaceutical innovation after World War II: from rational drug discovery to biopharmaceuticals’.

The twentieth century has witnessed an unprecedented advancement of biomedical sciences, especially in drug discovery and design. After World War II, life-saving pharmaceutical innovation has materialised primarily through systematic research, and has consisted of a series of thematic developments that have been tightly-linked not only to the contemporary technological advances, but also particularly to the contemporary understanding of human physiology and pathophysiology.

This Research Topic aims to delineate and conceptualise pharmaceutical innovation within the twentieth century, with an emphasis on the post-World War II era, and to highlight its roots and pathways throughout that period. From the systematic assessment of botanicals and vital stains to the era of structural biology and computational modelling, authors are invited to contribute to the analysis of the historical and scientific details that have shaped pharmaceutical innovation.

For more information please see the announcement on our website, here:


Two positions in History and Philosophy of Science, Pittsburgh

Open Rank Professor of History and Philosophy of Science
University of Pittsburgh, Department of History and Philosophy of Science is searching to fill two tenured or tenure track positions. Rank:  Open in History and Philosophy of Science beginning September 1, 2017, pending budgetary approval. AOS:  Open, but with strong preference for History and Philosophy of Biology; AOC: Open. Candidates should exhibit interest in integrating history and philosophy of science as well as in-depth knowledge of the science or sciences relevant to their research.   Four courses per year; graduate and undergraduate advising; usual non-teaching duties.   Ph.D. prior to appointment is required. 
Tenured applicants should submit a cover letter and a CV, references not required at this time, through the following URL: https://facultysearch.as.pitt.edu/apply/index/MTY0.
Untenured Applicants should submit a cover letter, a CV, at least three confidential references, a research statement, teaching experience, and a writing sample through the following URL: https://facultysearch.as.pitt.edu/apply/index/MTY0. For each reference, you will have the opportunity to input a personal email address or an email address generated through Interfolio’s Online Application Delivery.  In both cases, an email notification will be sent to the designated address with instructions about uploading the letters to our system. 
Review of applications will begin on October 31, 2016 and continue until the position is filled.
Please direct any questions to Natalie Schweninger, HPS Department Administrator, nas151@pitt.edu
The University of Pittsburgh is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employer and values equality of opportunity, human dignity and diversity. EEO/AA/M/F/Vets/Disabled

AAG 2017: Landscapes of Humanitarian Expertise

Type: Call for Papers
Date: October 20, 2016
Location: Massachusetts, United States

American Association of Geographers 2017 Annual Meeting, April 5-9, Boston MA
Proposed Session: Landscapes of Humanitarian Expertise: The Built Environment Professionalism of Aid and Development
Conveners: Shawhin Roudbari (University of Colorado) and Sharóne Tomer (Virginia Tech)
From the (now defunct) Architecture for Humanity to Engineers Without Borders, recent decades have witnessed an emergence of endeavors by built environment professionals (architects, planners, and civil engineers) operating in the realm of aid and development. In these professions, the urge to ‘socially engage’ is not new.[1] However, the late twentieth century iteration of the modernist ‘social project’[2] is unique in its intersections with millennial goals for humanitarianism. The collision of contemporary developmentalism, increased frequency of natural disaster and politically-induced crises, and neoliberal projects of self-improvement have produced a situation in which built environment professionals deploy their expertise in expanded geographical and methodological contexts. Built environment professionalism increasingly gets staged as an avenue for humanitarian action, engaging with social and geographic sites that have historically been outside the realm of professional service. Through such expanded engagements, built environment professionals have the potential to both destabilize and solidify hierarchies of disciplinary expertise. This panel seeks to provide a conversation around the performance and ethics of built environment professionalism as it takes the guise of ‘humanitarian expertise’.
This panel invites papers that critically engage with the differing histories, geographies and conceptual underpinnings of ‘humanitarian expertise’ in the built environment professions. We hope to include papers that address architecture, planning, engineering and related sub-disciplines. We seek studies that are both transnational and domestic. We also seek a mix of papers that provide ‘case studies’ as well as theoretical and conceptual reflections. Our goal is to deepen a dialogue on the meanings of expertise as performed in different built environment professions, alongside the project of unpacking how such professions frame and address humanitarianism.
Please submit a 300-word abstract and brief CV to Shawhin Roudbari and Sharóne Tomer at shawhin@colorado.edu and stomer@vt.edu by October 20. We will notify authors by October 27.


Contact Email: 

22 de septiembre de 2016

Conv. Simposio “Saberes científicos y políticas migratorias en América Latina”

Convocatoria para el simposio “Saberes científicos y políticas migratorias en América Latina” . Congreso de AHILA, En los márgenes de la  historia tradicional. Nuevas miradas de América Latina desde el  siglo XXI a celebrarse en Valencia del 5 al 9 de septiembre de 2017.

El incremento de los flujos migratorios a finales del siglo XIX y comienzos del XX condujeron a los Estados latinoamericanos a establecer normas migratorias interesadas en responder a un doble imperativo: atraer mano de obra para el afianzamiento de poblaciones “aptas para progreso”, y seleccionar racialmente para blanquear las “razas americanas. Estos imperativos regularon los ingresos a través de criterios de deseabilidad fundados en el origen nacional y en la adscripción “racial” de los migrantes. En la definición de estos criterios de selección actuaron saberes científicos procedentes de las ciencias naturales y sociales. La legitimidad científica en las normas de inclusión y exclusión, la representación de esos saberes en equipos de profesionales y de técnicos y la circulación de esos saberes en reuniones nacionales e internacionales, constituyen los ejes que estructurarán este simposio. Interesa rastrear estos temas en ámbitos nacionales e internacionales, buscando puntos de contacto y comparación en las historias migratorias de América Latina
El plazo para recibir sus propuestas de ponencia, de no más de 350 palabras, vence el 15 de octubre de 2016. 

Coordinadores:
Pilar González Bernaldo. Universidad Paris Diderot- Paris 7  
 
Pablo Yankelevich. El Colegio de México
 

21 de septiembre de 2016

CfP: The Body Politic: States in the History of Medicine and Health

Biennial Conference of the
European Association for the History of Medicine and Health (EAHMH)
Bucharest, Romania, 30 August - 2 September 2017

Hosted by ‘Carol Davila’ University of Medicine and Pharmacy Bucharest
The state, as we have come to know it, is very much a 19th-century creation. After poverty, ill health was the dominant social issue targeted by the interventions of emerging -states. Following the principle of the fair allocation of resources to meet basic social and economic needs, many countries introduced collective funding of health care in the 19th century. National healthcare systems came to epitomise the principle that all citizens have an equal right to health and that costs should be shared equitably. At the end of WWII, the WHO defined health as a universal human right. In the UN’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), it was proclaimed that “everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including medical care”. Over the course of the 20th century, health and disease have become a matter of direct concern for the state. As an aspect of democratic citizenship, the provision of medical care is not considered a favour, but a civil right guaranteed by the state.
In recent decades, we have witnessed a globalisation of disease patterns, the rise of chronic disease, rapid technological change, spiralling healthcare costs, and the demise of the nation state. From 1990 onwards, we have seen heated public and political debates about the organisation and financing of collective healthcare. One key question has been: to what extent can the state be held responsible for the health of citizens and the practice of medicine? In many countries, collective arrangements were critically reconsidered, reformed or transferred to “the market”. Rationalisation and commercialisation brought in managers, who took control from professionals, creating new bureaucracies that to a large extent withdrew from democratic supervision. Triggered by the crisis of the welfare state since the 1980s and by the reassessment of the system of nation states since 1989, this conference sets out to rethink the role of the state in the domain of healthcare.
The Scientific Board of the EAHMH invites proposals for 25-30 minute papers or panels of three or four papers on any aspect and era broadly relating to the topics and questions suggested above. Abstracts should be approximately 500 words in length and accompanied by a single-page CV.

CfP: "Health & Environment"

Type: Call for Papers
Date: November 10, 2016
Location: United States
Subject Fields: Environmental History / Studies, Literature, Sexuality Studies, Humanities, Health and Health Care

Seeking presenters for a panel proposal for the Association for the Study of Literature and the Environment (ASLE) Biennial Conference in Detroit, MI, June 20-24, 2017

Health & Environment
In a 2012 article in Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment (part of the 19.3 special issue on “material ecocriticism”), Greg Garrard proposed adding the term “health” to the list of tropes analyzed in his Ecocriticism (2012). Taking its cue from Garrard’s helpful and provocative consideration of health, life writing, and queer ecology, this panel will consider ecocriticism and the environmental humanities in light of “health” and its negative obverse (whether defined in terms of illness, sickness, pathology, or death).
At issue will be the productive reflexivity characteristic of much new materialist work: how do concepts of “health” structure our relations to material environments, and how are “we” actually constituted—healthy or otherwise—by these same trans-corporeal environments?
In choosing “health” as the angle of approach, this panel will hope to draw on a wide range of approaches benefitting from—but not limited to—the history and philosophy of medicine, disability studies, medical humanities, critical race theory, feminist science studies, queer theory, and the philosophy of science.
Possible topics might include—but are of course not contained to—the following:
  • How does the paired idea of “health & environment” change with respect to different periods, places, and contexts? 
  • How does “health” operate as a normative “master metaphor” (Garrard)? What are environmental stakes and possibilities—positive or otherwise—of being Against Health (to name Jonathan Metzl’s 2010 edited essay collection)?
  • How can the environmental humanities and ecocriticsm attend to matter and materiality without constraining focus to (abled/white/male/straight/healthy) bodies?
  • How do different discourses of medicine—such as pharmaceutical biomedicine and alternative holistic healing—differentially map health onto bodies and ecosystems?
  • What texts—fictional or otherwise—help us understand how “health” conditions our environmental imaginary?
  • How might the idea of “health” (whether personal or ecological) limit, challenge, or enable commitments to environmental justice and risk?
  • How has “toxic discourse” changed (or mutated) in light of the “slow violence” of the Anthropocene?
  • How might ecocriticism address national debates about healthcare?  
  • What does “healthy” scholarship in the humanities and ecocriticism look like?
Please submit an abstract of no more than 300 words, along with a brief bio, to bmurphy2@live.unc.edu by November 10, 2016. Paper presentations should be a maximum of 15 minutes long.
Contact Email: bmurphy2@live.unc.edu 

Grounding Biopower: Inventions of Land and Landscape

Type: Call for Papers
Date: December 1, 2016
Location: Switzerland
Subject Fields: Architecture and Architectural History, Art, Art History & Visual Studies, Race Studies, Rural History / Studies, World History / Studies

Workshop: June 2-3, 2017 at University of Basel, Urban Studies

In his early lectures on biopolitics, Michel Foucault described a crucial shift occurring in eighteenth-century Europe as population came to displace territory as the primary object of sovereignty. Assuming this account to be true, the question arises: What exactly happened to territory? Did it become simply a container for population, or perhaps an instrument of its governance? Or did it become something different altogether, displaced yet again by new techniques of land-management, colonization, warfare, and financial speculation?
This workshop proposes that, with the rise of biopower, territory increasingly became translated into land, the latter emerging as a necessary technological and ideological correlative to population. New conceptions of land management, ownership, and improvement, along with the intensification of agriculture and resource extraction (often in contexts of colonization or nation-building) were complicit with ways of organizing population into categories of race, class, nationality, and gender. Ancient notions of territorial stewardship as a source of political rights metamorphosed during the eighteenth through twentieth centuries into analogous conceptions of land ownership and improvement (or, in some cases, land collectivization) as a source of both citizenship and capital. Land became the figure-ground against which a population could be represented as a nation, and, conversely, against which people without an officially recognized claim to land could be excluded from nationality or from economic rights. But this development required a host of new cultural, epistemic, and technological approaches to land management and representation.
This workshop asks participants to consider how land might resemble or differ from territory in its uses and organization, and how this relates to the rise of biopolitics. How has the governance of population assigned new ideological and material functions to land, whether through methods of representation and calculation, through agricultural and extractive technologies, through physical and communicative infrastructures, or through new cultural, legal, and social structures? Given how ancestral connections to land are often construed as a fundamental criterion in distinguishing citizens from non-citizens and indigenes from non-indigenes, we ask participants to address how relationships between land and population are developed and promulgated. How have new constructions of land vis-à-vis population altered the way that territory is understood and regulated?
We invite paper proposals focused on the eighteenth through twenty-first centuries, and are especially interested in the aesthetics and semiotics of landscape, cartography, architecture, infrastructures, and urban planning, although we welcome a range of disciplinary approaches.  Rather than presenting formal papers, participants will be asked to circulate a paper in advance and then give an informal 10-15 minute talk at the workshop, to be followed by discussions. 
Please submit a 300- to 400-word abstract by December 1, 2016 to Ginger Nolan and Prof. Kenny Cupers at: groundingbiopower@gmail.com
The workshop is organized by the Urban Studies program in the Department of Social Science, University of Basel, and is sponsored by the Professorship in History and Theory of Architecture and Urbanism under Professor Kenny Cupers.
Contact Email: virginia.nolan@unibas.ch

20 de septiembre de 2016

Job: Curator of Chemistry, Science Museum, London

Science Museum, London

Salary: £25-30K (more may be available for an exceptional candidate)

The Science Museum is seeking a Curator of Chemistry to explore the varied roles of chemistry and chemists today and in the past. Working with colleagues across our Group of Museums, you will create opportunities to engage visitors with chemistry-related content across our public programming.

This is a wonderful opportunity to work with world-class collections of around 10,000 objects spanning experimental chemistry, industrial chemistry, plastics and biochemistry.  You will implement new programmes of research and interpretation of the collections, raising their profile and increasing public access. You will also build and share expertise in the history and current practice of chemistry, fostering links with the history of chemistry and chemistry communities.

This role supports a collaboration between the Science Museum and The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) to raise awareness and understanding of the role and value of chemistry and the chemical sciences in society. You will liaise closely with the RSC.

This post will be offered on a three-year fixed-term contract.

For information about our Group of museums and to apply, please visit our careers site and search for the role.

Closing date for applications: 4 October 2016

Interviews will be held on 13 October 2016.